What Cannot be Gifted by a Will

What Cannot be Gifted by a Will

By | Gifting, Wills | One Comment

A person’s will can deal with most property that they own at the time of their death. However, there are a number of assets that would not pass into a person’s estate at their death. Life policy proceeds Life policy proceeds may form part of a deceased’s estate and can be gifted by their will. However it is relatively common for these to be placed into trust so that they do not form part of the deceased’s estate. The intentions behind this are: As the proceeds are outside of the estate, they do not need to pass through probate and therefore the beneficiaries can receive the proceeds sooner. By placing the proceeds in trust, those proceeds will not be taken into account when inheritance tax is calculated (unless it is in trust to pay off a mortgage). If life policy proceeds are in trust, clients should contact their policy providers…

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Potentially Exempt Transfers

By | Gifting | No Comments

Gifts made during lifetime may be considered when calculating IHT on death if they do not fall into any of the inheritance tax exemptions and allowances (see our previous newsletter). These are known as Potentially Exempt Transfers (or PETs). To be considered as a PET, the gift must be either a gift to an individual, to a disabled person’s trust or finally if an Interest in Possession (IIP) trust comes to an end but continues as a disabled persons trust. If the giver dies within 7 years of making the PET, the gift will become chargeable and be considered as part of their estate on their death. The deceased’s NRB will firstly be applied towards any PETs. If a person has made multiple PETs, NRB will be applied to the earliest PET first. If there is any NRB leftover, it will then be applied to the next PET until NRB…

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Inheritance Tax Exemptions and Allowances

By | Gifting, Inheritance Tax | One Comment

Where clients are wishing to reduce their potential inheritance tax liability, there are lifetime inheritance tax exemptions and allowances they should be made aware of. For a number of these, they may need to seek regular advice from tax specialists to ensure that they will qualify for an exception or do not exceed an allowance. Annual Exemption Each person has an annual exemption of £3000 per year that can be gifted in any way that will not be considered for inheritance tax purposes. If the full £3000 is not used fully in that year, any unused allowance may be rolled over to the next year once. Small Gift Exemption Small gifts of £250 or less are exempt from inheritance tax. A person can make as many of these gifts as they like each tax year as long as the total amount gifted to each individual is less than £250. This…

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Second Death Gifts

By | Gifting, Inheritance, Wills | No Comments

Many couples making Wills wish to leave bequests of particular items, sums of money, or a share of their estate, but only when both testators have passed away. So how can we ensure this happens? The way to ensure that a gift is only made on second death is to place the gift(s) in both Wills, and ensure there is a condition that states the gift should only be made should the partner/spouse has predeceased the testator. For example, ‘If my wife Susan Smith has predeceased me, I give…’. When making a second death gift, the testator is giving this gift to their partner/spouse on their death as part of the Residue of their estate, therefore on the death of the survivor, the gift is made payable from the survivor’s estate. If the clients have requested a second death gift in their Will, but it has only been placed in…

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